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1. What is the definition of a powered industrial truck?
2. What does the standard require?
3. Who should conduct the training?
4. If my employees receive training from an outside consultant, how will I know that these employees have been adequately trained?
5. What type of records or documentation must I keep?
6. How long must I keep the certification records?
7. Does OSHA provide training to my truck operators?
8. Do I have to train all employees in my workplace?
9. What does OSHA expect to achieve as a result of improved operator’s training?

What is the definition of a powered industrial truck?

Any mobile power-propelled truck used to carry, push, pull, lift, stack or tier materials.  Powered industrial trucks can be ridden or controlled by a walking operator.

1910.178(a)(1): This section contains safety requirements relating to fire protection, design, maintenance, and use of fork trucks, tractors, platform lift trucks, motorized hand trucks and other specialized industrial trucks powered by electric motors or internal combustion engines.

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What does the standard require?
1910.178.(I) Operator Training
1910.178.(I)(1) Safe Operation

1910.178.(I)(1)(i) The employer shall ensure that each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a powered industrial truck safely, as demonstrated by the successful completion of the training and evaluation specified in this paragraph (I).

1910.178.(I)(1)(ii) Prior to permitting an employee to operate a powered industrial truck (except for training purposes), the employer shall ensure that each operator has successfully completed the training required by this paragraph (I), except as permitted by paragraph (I)(5).

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Who should conduct the training?
All training and evaluation must be conducted by persons with the necessary knowledge, training and experience to train powered industrial truck operators and evaluate their competence.

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If my employees receive training from an outside consultant, how will I know that these employees have been adequately trained?
Outside qualified training organizations can provide evidence that the employee has successfully completed the relevant classroom and practical training.  However, each employer must ensure that each powered industrial truck operator is competent to operate a truck safely, as demonstrated by the successful completion of the training and evaluation.

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What type of records or documentation must I keep?
The OSHA standard requires the employer certify that each operator has received the training and has been evaluated.  The written certfication record must include the name of the operatror, the date of the training, the date of the evaluation, and the identity of the person(s) performing the training or evaluation.

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How long must I keep the certification records?
Employers who evaluate the operator’s performance more frequently than every three years may reatin the most recent certification record; otherwise, certifiction recrods must be maintinatd for three (3) years.

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How long must I keep the certification records?
Employers who evaluate the operator’s performance more frequently than every three years may retain the most recent certification record; otherwise, certification records must be maintained for three years.

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Does OSHA provide training to my truck operators?
No.  It is the employer’s responsibility to train the employees.

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Do I have to train all employees in my workplace?
Any employee that operates a powered industrial truck must be trained.

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What does OSHA expect to achieve as a result of improved operator’s training?
OSHA’s goal is to reduce the number of injuries an illnesses that occur to workers in the workplace from unsafe powered industrial truck usage.  By providing an effective training program many other benefits will result.  Among these are the lower cost of compensation insurance, less property damage, and less product damage.

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